Pin-Up Girl

Pin-Up Girl (1944)

Betty Grable's NOT Pregnant, Joe E. Brown Travels 200,000 Miles, AND Testifies in Congress

March 13, 2020 | by Shannon

The famous pin-up photo of Betty Grable, taken in 1943 by Frank Powolny. Servicemen alone accounted for an estimated 3 million copies of this classic pic!

Pin-Up Girl (1944) is a film indicative of its time in just about everyway. Starring the wartime period’s favorite pin-up, the vivacious Betty Grable, Pin-Up Girl is a lush Technicolor musical slim on storyline but big on feel-good music and dance numbers.  Pin-Up Girl doesn’t pretend to be anything other than what it was filmed to be: a morale booster for our brave boys overseas and civilians at home.

And as long as you’re OK with that, you will thoroughly enjoy this piece of film fluff, with a supporting cast that includes our Star of the Month, the loveable Joe E. Brown!

If you missed Pin-Up Girl on TCM, you can find the film here on Amazon [aff. link].

Now let’s go through the miniscule plot line, then focus on the rumors behind that famous Betty Grable pin-up photo, and the contributions of Betty and Joe to the war effort!

Betty Grable as Lorry Jones, singing to the troops at the local USO.

The Plot

Lorry Jones (Betty Grable) is a secretary by day and a favorite pin-up/hostess at her local USO canteen by night, where she signs photos, sings, and dances with the servicemen.

Lorry is a bit of a compulsive liar, and as a result, she finds herself “engaged” to just about every guy she dances with.

Lorry signs photos for the boys! Note that the picture she is signing is the famous Betty Grable pin-up!

On a trip to New York with best bud Kay (Dorothea Kent), Lorry falls in love for real with war hero Tommy Dooley (John Harvey), who she meets at a New York nightclub. 

Trouble is, Lorry has told one of her fibs to Dooley: rather than just come clean that she’s a secretary in Washington, D.C., Lorry tells Tommy she’s a musical comedy star whose show just closed… 

Oh Lorry!

Lorry falls for war hero Tommy Dooley (John Havery) on a trip to New York with best friend Kay (Dorothea Kent). But Lorry complicates the budding relationship by telling Tommy she's a musical comedy star...

Lorry's Lies

Well, Lorry almost gets caught in her lie one day when Tommy shows up at her office, oblivious that Lorry works there! And to complicate matters even more, Lorry’s boss assigns her to take dictation for Tommy.

Oh no!! Lorry and Kay see Tommy and his friend walking the halls at work! If they're spotted, Tommy will know Lorry is really a secretary, not a musical comedy star.

Not to worry, all platinum blonde Lorry has to do to fool Tommy into thinking she’s someone else is put on a dowdy dress, a pair of glasses, and cross her eyes.

There we go, perfect. He's been fooled.

Does the trick every time.

(And if you’re Betty Grable, you look super cute no matter what boring dress you wear, or what you do with your face.  I personally find her glasses ADORABLE!)

On With The Charade!

With Tommy sufficiently fooled, Lorry continues seeing him at night as her alter ego, musical comedy star Laura Lorraine.

Lorry pretending to be her alter ego, musical comedy star Laura Lorraine.

Tommy is so into Lorry, he even gets his friend Eddie Hall (Joe E. Brown) to make Lorry the star of his new nightclub’s show, much to the chagrin of Molly McKay (Martha Raye), the reigning star of Eddie’s other nightclub.

Eddie Hall (Joe E. Brown) gives Lorry her big chance as the star in his new nightclub.

To keep Lorry out of the show, Molly digs up one of her old “fiancés,” and introduces him to Tommy, who is heartbroken to discover that Lorry is already “engaged.”

But this is a wartime musical from 1944, so you know things are all going to work out perfectly!

Molly tries to sabotage Lorry's position as Eddie's new star by bringing in an old "fiancé," and telling Tommy that Lorry is already engaged. Here Lorry's "fiancé" George shows Molly and Eddie the signed pin-up Lorry gave him.

A 1940s Ending

Lorry performs in the show at the nightclub, and while Tommy is backstage watching he realizes her engagement to the other fellow was never serious.  We all know Lorry and Tommy will end up together when Lorry smiles at him from behind the ceremonial sword she wields while drilling a platoon of chorus girls in the nightclub’s military marching number finale. 

(Yes, you read that right.)

Drill Sergeant Lorry smiles at Tommy from behind her ceremonial sword in the nightclub's grand finale number. So we know that Tommy and Lorry will get back together!

And that’s the end of the film!

Light on Story, Big on Talent

So…did you gather from the plotline that not a whole lot goes on in Pin-Up Girl?  Truly, what makes this cute film worth watching are the performances and sheer magnetism of Betty Grable and Joe E. Brown.  Martha Raye is her usual likeable but rather obnoxious self, Dorothea Kent is great, but her character disappears about half way through the film, and there is no way the rather bland John Harvey would have been cast as Betty’s leading man if 20th Century Fox’s other male stars, like John Payne and Victor Mature, hadn’t been away at war.

Charming Joe and Adorable Betty!

Joe E. Brown’s part in the film is much too small for an actor/comedian of his caliber, but in his brief scenes, Joe is utterly charming.  The few jokes he gets to tell are delivered like the pro he was!  Joe even takes the opportunity to make a crack at his famously large mouth when, as his character Eddie Hall, he jokes to the audience at his club opening that he’s been told:

“Mr. Hall, your opening is the biggest we’ve ever had in Washington.  [Joe opens his mouth WIDELY!]  Now I know what they meant.”

Joe pokes fun at his famously "big mouth" with this facial in the film.

And Betty Grable is Betty Grable! Meaning in Pin-Up Girl, Betty is adorable, spunky, and the cutest little dancer and singer ever put in Technicolor!

One of many surprised faces Betty makes in the film when her character almost gets caught in a lie. I think Betty is cute as a button. 💗

No, She Wasn’t Pregnant. Stop Saying She Was Pregnant.

Now I’m about to debunk a rumor that has been told sooooo many times over the years, most film fans believe it is fact. Wikipedia, news articles covering the 1940s, and probably every old movie blog you come across will tell you that in the famous pin-up photo of Betty Grable that inspired this film—the photo shot from behind with Betty glancing playfully at the camera over her shoulder—Betty was pregnant with her daughter Victoria.

This is absolutely not true.

The famous pin-up of Betty Grable! The rumor that her unique pose was a way to disguise Betty's baby bump is bogus. She was not pregnant!

It’s easy to see why the rumor is usually accepted as fact: it’s a unique pose that would effectively hide a baby bump. Betty herself certainly didn’t help set the record straight over the years, for when asked about how she and photographer Frank Powolny came up with the pose, she frequently joked that they were hiding her “flabby” tummy.

The Facts: Betty's Pin-Up to Pregnancy Timeline

But simply following the timeline from when the photo was taken, up to the birth of Betty’s daughter Victoria, is enough to set the record straight:

Early 1943 (January or February, possibly early March):

Frank Powolny takes the famous pin-up photo of Betty.  The photo becomes so popular, an estimated 3 million copies were sent to servicemen!  (A 1993 estimate said that over 10 million copies of the photo were distributed world-wide!)  It becomes the most requested pin-up photo EVER, and Betty becomes such a favorite with servicemen, the Nazi Party is inspired to remind everyone over the radio that

“There is more to life than Pepsi-Cola and Betty Grable.”

March 1943:

Betty begins filming Sweet Rosie O’Grady (1943), the film for which the pin-up photo session was taken. (Photographer Frank Powolny had been assigned to snap some photos of Betty for the costume department, and a few publicity photos, including the famous pin-up, were also taken during this session.)

Betty and Harry James, one of Hollywood's favorite couples! Aren't they a beautiful pair?

July 4, 1943:

Betty marries bandleader Harry James, and almost immediately begins filming Pin-Up Girl (1944).

Betty's co-star in Pin-Up Girl (1944), Martha Raye, comically re-christened the film "Pregnant Girl" when Betty announced her pregnancy to the studio!

August 1943:

Betty tells 20th Century Fox she is one month pregnant, sparking Martha Raye to comically re-christen the film Pregnant Girl.  (How great is that?!!!)

Betty and Hermes Pan, who choreographed the dance numbers in Pin-Up Girl, perform the showstopping
Betty and Hermes Pan, who choreographed the dance numbers in Pin-Up Girl, perform the showstopping "Once Too Often" in the film. Betty's pregnant here, but no baby bump yet! This was one of the first scenes to be filmed.

January 1944:

Filming of Pin-Up Girl ends.  Betty is seven months pregnant. 

Side note: all of Betty’s dance sequences for the movie were shot first, before she started “showing.”

Drill Sergeant Betty leads a platoon of chorus girls in a march at the end of the film that seems to never end...! Not the best finale, but Betty is still absolutely adorable. And the costume hid her now apparent baby bump pretty well!
Drill Sergeant Betty leads a platoon of chorus girls in a march at the end of the film that seems to never end...! Not the best finale, but Betty is still absolutely adorable. And the costume hid her now apparent baby bump pretty well!

Oh, except for the big dance production number audiences expected to see at the end of ALL BETTY GRABLE MOVIES!!!!!!

Choreographer Hermes Pan forgot about that one…that’s how Pin-Up Girl ended up with the military-drill-sergeant-Betty finale!  This…interesting finish to the film was the only way Pan could hide Betty’s “condition,” give her a finale that was not too strenuous, and satisfy the patriotic theme of the film.

Betty with her two daughters, (L-R) Jessica and Victoria. Wasn't Betty the cutest mom?!!

March 3, 1944:

Daughter Victoria James is born.  (And Betty, against the studio’s and her mother’s wishes, insisted on doing everything for Victoria herself—changing diapers, feeding, bathing, etc.—with no nurse or hired help.  I LOVE that, go Betty!)

It's Clear, Betty Was Not Pregnant

So from this simple timeline, it’s clear there was no way Betty was pregnant with Victoria when the famous pin-up photo was taken—it would have meant a 14-month long pregnancy!  And based on Betty’s reputation—popular with men, but not one to sleep around—I am confident in saying Betty was not pregnant with anyone’s baby period at the time of the photo session.

If more convincing is needed that Betty was not pregnant in the famous pin-up shot, here’s some photographic evidence.  These three photos, taken by Frank Powolny in the same photo session, clearly show that Betty had absolutely no baby bump or tummy at the time:

Do you see a baby bump? I certainly don't! This photo, taken in the same photo session as the famous pin-up, most clearly shows Betty was not pregnant at the time.
...and how about another. No bump!
...oh and why not this one too? Betty makes herself comfortable. On her not pregnant tummy. On a tiger rug.

Black Market Betty!

A really interesting note on the beloved Grable pin-up photo: after the release of Pin-Up Girl in April 1944, Fox’s publicity department began receiving about 100,000 requests from servicemen per month for a copy of the famous photo!  The overwhelmed publicity department decided to temporarily suspend civilian orders for all Betty pics so they could focus on meeting the unending requests of servicemen!  As you can imagine, this sparked a black market for Betty Grable memorabilia on the home front!

Betty cements her "million dollar leg" print in front of Grauman's Chinese Theater, February 15, 1943, with the help of a few willing servicemen. Betty took her pin-up mantle very seriously.

Betty Grable’s pin-up girl status was perhaps her greatest contribution to the war effort.  And she didn’t take the title lightly:

“Some of the boys write me and tell of their problems with their girls back home.  I find it a grave responsibility being a pin-up girl. Our boys are in a war, fighting for the freedom of our country, and I think it is the duty of all of us to support them in their awesome task.  I answer as many letters as I possibly can; it is a duty that I cannot ignore…”

Joe did some deep soul searching to figure out how he could best contribute to the war effort.

What About Joe?

Just as Betty knew how she could best contribute to the war effort, so too did Joe E. Brown.  But it took a bit of pondering on his career and life for Joe to see how he could really help out in a big way.

If you remember from my intro post on Joe, by the time the United States entered WWII, he was 50 years old, and too old to enlist.

“‘I’ve got to do something,’ I kept mumbling to myself.  ‘But what in heck can you do, you big jerk,’ I’d scold myself.  The only thing I ever could do was make people laugh. And…‘Laughter never helped win any wars, you know.’”

But then Joe had an idea:  he could boost the morale of the troops with laughter.

Joe in Dutch Harbor, Alaska with the servicemen, circa February 1942.

And that’s when Joe began entertaining the troops, traveling an estimated 200,000 miles over the course of the war, starting in Alaska.  Remember, at this time other performers weren’t really traveling outside of the continental US to entertain the troops, so Joe went to Alaska without government sponsorship or authorization.

Joe in Anchorage, February 1942. (The lone woman in the pic is his personal secretary, Edith Richards, who was married on the tour.)

His willingness to go anywhere to entertain was not lost on the servicemen, who were flabbergasted that anyone—let alone one of Hollywood’s top comedians—would choose to come perform for them when he didn’t have to.

Joe entertains the troops in the Middle East, 1943.

Joe E. Brown: A One Man Morale Booster

If evidence was needed that Joe boosted troop morale, how about this: his appearances in Alaska resulted in an 85 percent increase in outgoing mail!

“The lads had something ‘to write home about’ and they certainly wrote.  Years later I continued to get letters from mothers of those boys who wanted to thank me for that bit of entertaining.  ‘God bless you for what you did for my boy,’ they said over and over.”

Is anyone else thinking Joe E. Brown was pretty amazing right about now?!!!!

Joe with servicemen in Italy, 1944.

The First Entertainer on the Pacific Front

After performing all over Alaska, Joe petitioned the government for permission to entertain the troops in the Pacific, where no entertainer had ever gone before.  Joe got permission not long after the passing of his son, Captain Don E. Brown, on October 8, 1942.

In his autobiography [aff. link], Joe writes of his service to our troops in the Pacific with the utmost modesty, as if he were merely looking for an audience to give him heaps of attention:

Joe with the troops in the Pacific, circa 1943.

“The South Pacific theatre of operations especially, was a green hell for the thousands of American G.I.’s, but it was seventh heaven for any comedian who would risk his neck in it.  I appeared at hundreds of places in this area where no professional entertainer had been before.  Comedy-starved audiences in these places became hysterical at the smallest quip about Brooklyn…They had been storing up laughs for months and released them in explosions that would turn any comedian’s head.”

What a sweet guy, presenting the relief and joy he brought the troops in such a modest way!  I can only imagine how much Joe must have help lift the burdens of our servicemen as they faced the horrors of war.

Joe in Kauai, January 1943.

Is it any wonder Joe was one of two civilians awarded the Bronze Star for his World War II service? 

1939: Joe’s Pre-War Contributions

There’s not a whole lot that’s been written about Joe E. Brown, and of the little that’s out there, no source gives much information—not even Joe’s autobiography—about his admirable testimony to the House Immigration Committee in 1939.  I want to take a moment to highlight Joe’s amazing words before I close.

On February 9, 1939—just months before Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939—the Wagner-Rogers Bill was presented in the US House and Senate.  If passed, the bill would allow an additional 20,000 German refugee children to be admitted to the US over a two-year period.

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt supported the Wagner-Rogers Bill.

An Unpopular Bill

Despite the support of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, the Wagner-Rogers Bill was not popular with the general public: a poll taken just one month before the bill proposal showed that only 26% of respondents supported the idea of bringing additional German refugee children into the US, while 67% were against it, arguing the admittance would decrease the amount of jobs available to Americans (???), and that it would be seen as a political move by the rest of the world, as most of the children would undoubtedly be Jewish German refugees. 

Joe makes his case before Congress for the German refugee children in the spring of 1939. Nazi Germany invaded Poland just months later.

The House and Senate committees overseeing the Wagner-Rogers Bill held joint hearings in the spring of 1939.

And Joe E. Brown spoke at the hearings in support of the Wagner-Rogers Bill.

Joe's Eloquent and Heartfelt Words

You can read Joe’s full testament here—and I highly recommend you do!!—but the following is my favorite part of Joe’s words to the US congressional committees:

Joe with his adopted daughter Mary Elizabeth in August, 1931. Joe stated that his own children were part of his motivation to support the Wagner-Rogers Bill.

“I appear before you strictly as an American and as a father.  I have no axe to grind, except the fact I believe this bill is worthy…

I believe it [the bill] is a fine thing; I believe it is a humanitarian thing.  These youngsters are not only children without a home, they are youngsters without a country, and I have a feeling that children should be helped wherever they are, and these children need help.  I know youngsters without a country must belong to some one. They have to belong, or otherwise they perish.  They have no chance at all.  I know that to be true…

I come to you just merely as a hick from a small town, a man who has worked all of his life, and I say to you gentlemen and ladies, I believe we should do what we can to make those children good Americans, and I think our thanks will come in heaven, if not right here on earth.

I have not tried to be eloquent, but I have tried to impress you with my sincerity, and it certainly is that.”

WOW.  Does Joe’s kind-hearted goodness move you the way it moves me?  Could this man be any more admirable?!!!

In case you were curious, the Wagner-Rogers Bill did not pass, but it was not for lack of trying from our guy Joe, who, despite the unpopularity of his opinion, was brave enough to stand before the US Congress and offer his support for the refugee children of Germany.

That's It!

And with that, I’ll wrap up my Pin-Up Girl post!  Don’t forget to check out the TCM film schedule for the Joe E. Brown films playing the rest of this month!

And be sure to come back next week when I review my favorite Joe E. Brown film, the classic, hilarious, truly timeless comedy, Some Like it Hot (1959).

I’m Shannon, thanks for visiting!  When I’m not on an adventure with my little girl, I’m developing plant-based recipes or watching a Classic Film!

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